UK Legal Framework Assignment Help
Legal Framework of the United Kingdom Judicial System
Brief about Group work and Individual assignment
The task that we have undertaken as a group work is to critically evaluate the legal framework, prevailing in the United Kingdom. For that matter we have compared and contrasted three different law suits prevalent in the United Kingdom’s law system and set up. One is: Law of England and Wales, Law of Scotland and the last one is of Law of Northern Ireland. As an individual task, my task was to explain the law system of the England and Wales in a brief (Beadle & Joseph, 1935).
As far as the United Kingdom judiciary system is concerned, one can find three basic different kinds of judicial systems prevalent.
- The first one is for England and Wales
- The second one is for Scottish law hence for Scotland
- And the remaining one is for Ireland which is known as Northern Ireland Law and Jury setups.
We shall, firstly discuss the brief bout the each of these system and how it affects the common people.
Law system for England and Wales
There are two basic laws prevailing under this head, like any other court of law of any other country and constitution.
- Criminal Law
- Civil Law
This law is sentenced for the most serious and most societal harmful crimes. To name a few, these crimes can be as serious as murder, robbery, assault, rap etc. these laws have an enforcement of police and the courts. The one who challenge these laws and break them with Masefield intentions are to be prosecuted in court by the court of law (Slapper et al, 2008). To find out such criminals, with all legal and possible prosecution, if such person is found guilty and undertaking any criminal infringement, one has to demonstrate the evidences supporting such criminal activities, stating their status of guilt as “Beyond reasonable doubt”.
- Civil law
Civil law is for thinner offences than criminal offences. These offences over the offences and malpractices like disputes between people, disputes of society, company and organisational disputes, to consider a few. As far as is civil laws are concerned, it has to be validated by what the law calls “the balance of probabilities” or by what the law calls “the balance of chances” (Barnett & Claire, 2008). To put it differently, to prove someone guilty or offensive enough, there has to be as much as 50 percent of consideration and validation of his/her offence.
Decisions taken in the court of Law
As far as the judicial system concerned, overall, the prosecution and trial of defence to validate oneself to the court are same, so far as both criminal and civil laws of England and Wales are concerned. The same initial prosecution has to be undertaken in both the cases by offender and criminal. However, distinguishing the criminal law suit, in these cases the jury settles whether the offence is criminal and if that is done by the criminal and if the victim is right and the criminals are actually guilty. Deciding this, and the judge releases their sentence. In civil and family cases, the judge decides who is right based on the evidence presented. As per the Civil Procedure Rules 1998, civil claims under £5,000 are covenanted within the County Court naming, ‘Small Claims Track’.
Group learning and outcomes
Essential of Group Work: For any successful and better outcome of the result, a group work is really essential and hence, group work gives smaller yet useful frame work which is very relevant for the current growing world.
Group dynamics help building better shaped ideas: A work with a one point of view and a work with more than many points of view set a distinct result. Here with the case specific, the group work gave an essential discussion amongst the three types of laws prevailing in the United Kingdom. The comparative studies of three different law systems gave critical insights for the three.
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Group Issues: If one works in a group then some small issues are bound to take place. However, because of small issues, the benefits of group work should not be overlooked. Hence, issues like someone coming late, not attending meetings, not contributing towards group tasks are to be tackled wisely. For that, our group has taken the following steps:
Clearer communication: from the day one, we had decided to be clear most with the communication within the group. That takes care of more than 50% of group disputes.
Information sharing: whatever resource one is using, it was desirable by all, should be shared with all the group members (Dicey & Morris, 1993).
Advance communication for someone being not available: It may be a case that someone may not be available as in when the group plans to arrange a meeting. For that matter, we as a group had made it a point that anyone not attending the meet will have to inform the group in advance. If someone fails doing that, he/she will have to come up meeting minutes the next time circulating the same via e mail.
Someone not contributing to group goal: It was not the case with the present of ours, as such luckily. Everyone contributed their level best to meet the group task at its best. To address this issue, we as a group had divided the group task in an equal part, hence everyone felt a fair justice while doing the work.
- Beale, Joseph H., 1935, A Treatise on the Conflict of Laws.
- Dicey & Morris, 1993,The Conflict of Laws 12th edition. London: Sweet & Maxwell Ltd.
- Slapper, Gary; David Kelly, 2008,The English Legal System. London: Routledge-Cavendish.
- Barnett, Hilaire, 2008,Constitutional & Administrative Law. London: Routledge-Cavendish.