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Introduction

Most of the experts and specialists in the field of forensic science department across the world strongly believe that drugs in oral fluid and saliva have direct and indirect affect in the subject matter of medicine, forensic toxicology and workplace drug testing where particularly saliva is being rightly investigated and examined for use as a proper matrix for very close subject drug testing with a lot of perfection. The present knowledge and awareness regarding drug release and uptake from oral tissue is less than the correct, legal or full amount, often deliberately and the mechanisms utilized for this particularly are anonymous.

Medical Science and Forensic PhD Research Proposal Help

This particular research studies largely aims in order to study directly how drugs are perfectly accumulate plus are actually released from oral tissues. The study further explore regarding how this really might be directly and indirectly influenced by a wide range of different types of products that are readily sold through the internet in an adverse manner affect the drug testing process to a great extent.

Literature review

The said project largely aims in order to enhance better understanding and knowledge relating to the consumption, storage plus subsequent large scale or small scale release of drugs immediately from mouth tissue through salivary excretion in any given situations and circumstance with a lot of perfection. The research study of different types of drugs in saliva has a large direct and indirect impact in the view of forensic toxicology, in medicine and workplace drug testing where the given saliva is being perfectly examined and investigated for different kind of use as a matrix for very approximate subject testing. It is to be highly remembered that traditionally urine sample collection has been the most commonly utilized matrix for different types of drug screening in any given situations and circumstances by the experts and specialists in this particular field. On the other hand, urine has several kind of disadvantages in different types of drugs plus their given rate of metabolites in urine are detected by instinct or inference rather than by recognized perceptual cues as having been directly and indirectly eliminated from the human body plus measurement of different types of drugs in the given urine has very little amount of interpretative value in any given situations and circumstances (Silverman, Mike; Thompson, Tony2014).

On the other hand, different types of urine tests are none capable of being understood with respect to their therapeutic and toxic effects or on the direct and indirect influence that they might directly and indirectly exert on certain kind of behavior and performance such as in the aspect of driving a vehicle plus in personal and professional life. Moreover, it is to be remembered that urine is not a specimen of convenient nature for collection at the roadside, in the given workplace or in a hospital casualty department under any given circumstances and situations. In this particular topic there is a need and requirement of perfect coordination and cooperation among the staffs and employees of the forensic department with a lot of perfection while dealing with cases related to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing. It is to be highly noted that advancement in modern and latest technology have largely increased the portability and sensitivity of different types of drug screening devices like near body drug tests are being improved and developed utilizing oral fluid and saliva as the test matrix. It is to be remembered that this is really non-invasive and easy to collect under any given circumstances and situations with a lot of perfection (Stanton, 2003).

In the present scenario, different kinds of saliva drug testing have really gained in actual popularity over the traditional urine testing. On the other hand, there is a lack of understanding and awareness regarding the biochemical and physiological mechanisms which is largely governing drug secretion through saliva is really much poorly understood in this particular field. It is to be highly noted that the student who are interested in this particular topic related research study will directly work under the immediate direction of scientists who are internationally recognized in the particular field of Oral Fluid Drug Testing  (Quinche, Nicolas, Margot, Pierre, "Coulier, Paul-Jean, 2010).

Moreover, the students will also be able to gain much experience in the direct and indirect use of a wide range of analytical research methodology.  The research study will give better insight to the given topic of drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing. In this particular topic there is a need and requirement of perfect coordination and cooperation among the staffs and employees of the forensic department with a lot of perfection while dealing with cases related to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing. They can also indulge in further research study at advanced and improved phases to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing. Such type of research activities are the need of the hour in the given society with a lot of perfection (Owen, 2000).

Research methodology

The researchers and specialists can also opt for further advanced research study on the given topic in order to find an amicable solution related to the given topic with their hard work that is perfectly blended with dedication and commitment to a large extent. Such type of effective and efficient effort is the need of the hour in the present scenario and its given circumstances and situations. It is to be highly noted that primary and secondary data, details and information can be perfectly coordinated as per the given situations and circumstances related to the given topic with a lot of perfection.

This particular research study can be conducted in a successful manner with the utilization of primary and  secondary data, details and information that are gathered from different types of readily available sources from the given domestic region or international arena with a lot of perfection. The secondary data, details and information can be gathered from the published and reported matters from the print and electronic media. The feedbacks and results of various kind of research studies in a successful manner conducted related to the given topic can also be used perfectly in order to find an apt solution for the given topic with a lot of perfection. The articles published by experts and specialists from the field of medical and forensic science can utilized to a large extent. The personal opinion given by the drugs victims and drug users in the interviews conducted by other researchers and experts can also be used in different aspect by citing the source. The library dealing with books related to forensic science can be used for gathering certain special data, details and information on the given topic by citing the book name and author’s name plus year of publication.

On the other hand, the best method related to primary data, details and information collection can be done through the personal verification related to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing. In this particular method, approximately 100 numbers of drugs victims and drug users can be selected randomly from the given society.  The drugs victims and drug users can be selected from different age groups and both the genders. The participant’s saliva can be collected with their permission for further research studies on this particular topic to a large extent. The study researcher should never disclose the personal and professional details and information related to the participants to the public under any situations and circumstances. The drugs victims and drug users saliva can be collected in various forms as per the needs and requirements of the given research study in a successful manner.

Conclusion

A perfect medical and scientific solution that is rightly acceptable by all is the need of the hour to a great extent. Most of the cases related to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing are causing a lot of confusion among the forensic experts and specialists under different types of situations and circumstances. On the other hand, in order to solve the issues and problems related to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing leads to arguments and disputes among the staffs and employees of forensic department with a lot of perfection. There is a need and requirement for further research studies of different types on the matters related to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing.

In this particular topic there is a need and requirement of perfect coordination and cooperation among the staffs and employees of the forensic department with a lot of perfection while dealing with cases related to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing. There should be any hurry in concluding with certain issues and problems related to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing to a large extent. The need of the hour is to take experts and specialists decisions while handling forensic cases related to drugs in oral fluid and implications for near subject testing to a great extent.

References

  1. Owen, D. (2000) Hidden Evidence: The Story of Forensic Science and how it Helped to Solve 40 of the World's Toughest Crimes Quintet Publishing, London. ISBN 1-86155-278-5.
  2. Quinche, Nicolas, and Margot, Pierre, "Coulier, Paul-Jean (2010) : A precursor in the history of fingermark detection and their potential use for identifying their source Journal of forensic identification (Californie), 60 (2), March–April 2010, pp. 129–134.
  3. Silverman, Mike; Thompson, Tony (2014) . Written In Blood: a history of forensic science.
  4. Stanton G (2003). "Underwater Crime Scene Investigations (UCSI), a New Paradigm". In: SF Norton (ed). Diving for Science... 2003. Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences (22nd annual Scientific Diving Symposium). Retrieved 2008-06-18.

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