Physical activity – Introduction
This physical activity importance essay help of a indigenous population and research studies proved that indigenous people are less likely to engage themselves in different forms of physical activity and sports. There are many social, economic as well as cultural factors behind this lack of physical activity. Lack of physical activity also causes chronic disorders like diabetes, obesity and cardiac disorders, thus turning entire situation into a vicious cycle. Lack of physical exercise causes chronic disorders and chronic disorders further limits their physical exercises making situation worst. Comparison of indigenous population of Australia is generally done with rest of the population of Australia, which is comparatively healthier, active and engage them self regularly in physical exercise (Social Health Reference Group, 2004).
Factors and elements placing them at risk
culturally general attitude of indigenous population towards physical exercise is not very positive. They prefer to spend their free time with their family and neighbours. Sitting around and gossiping or engaging in group smoking are some of their favourite activities in leisure time. Exercising for personal benefit is not something which they prioritize over socializing. Food consumption is also a social activity for them and they prefer to consume food in groups or families. This means no person can make a personal choice about the type of food they want to consume and group consumptions of food is higher than what these people might consume individually. These are some of the cultural factors which discourages exercises and healthier body if indigenous population.
poverty is a big factor in indigenous population. Rampant poverty in this community forces every member of the family to indulge in work and earnings at a young age and they are never interested in physical activity like sports or exercise. For them these activities are wastage of time and they should be utilizing this time to earn more money for the family. Poverty also limits their involvement in giving time for own health or taking a stock of their deteriorating physical stamina. They also believe that working is the best physical exercise they can get, while neglecting the fact that sports and exercise also reduces stress on their mental health care (Ring and Brown, 2003).
Also some sports and health care equipments require expenditure from the user. Indigenous population with limited income sources and potential might not prefer to spend their money on exercises and sports. There is a lack of fund to fulfil the basic requirements of their life so it would be absurd to think that they indigenous people would spend on sports.
availability of facilities in areas where indigenous population resides is also a problem. Most of the population of indigenous origin are living in remote areas and their population is generally scattered over a large area. Each colony of indigenous population have a population average of 500-1000. In such situation developing a sports facility for each colony or establishment is very difficult for government. If their population is concentrated in one location then it would be easier for government, health care providers etc to focus on their needs (Hunter, 2002).
Education and awareness
education and awareness of people is also limited in context of health education and importance of physical activity in life. Lack of education limits the vision of indigenous population towards their health and chronic disorders which they might interact with in future. For them immediate earning and fulfilling basic needs is much more important that possible risk with health in future. Availability of health care providers to educate them is also limited in remote locations where majority of indigenous population resides (Gruen and Yee, 2005).
- Social Health Reference Group, (2004) Social and Emotional Well Being Framework: A National Strategic Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mental Health and Social and Emotional Well Being (2004–2009). Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, 2004
- Ring I, Brown N. (2003) The health status of indigenous peoples and others. British Medical Journal 2003; 327: 404–405
- Hunter, E. (2002) ‘Best intentions’ lives on: untoward health outcomes of some contemporary initiatives in Indigenous affairs. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2002; 36: 575–584.
- Gruen, L. and Yee, M. (2005) Dreamtime and awakenings: facing realities of remote area Aboriginal health. Medical Journal of Australia 2005; 182: 538–540.