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08Aug

Effects of Globalization on HRM Dissertation –Methodology

This HRM dissertation methodology assignment is third part of Effects of Globalization on HRM Dissertation, in this reasons , justifications and methodology is discussed.

Methodology

3.1 Research Justification

It is important for a company which is in the process of globalization and the decision makers of the company to take the help of several types of strategies related to the processes of human resource management to make sure that the functions of the organizations are occurring smoothly. The adoption of a human resource management strategy especially with respect to the key functions like recruitment and selection can help the company in securing the most skilled set of foreign as well as local workforce, for improving the kind of brand image that is existent in the in the minds of the existing as well as potential internal stakeholders and especially the employees of the company, to attract the workface which is aligned with the long term as well as the short term goal of the company in most efficient form and to ultimately make use of the international markets and subsequently improve overall sales including local and global markets. But we have experienced that several times the strategies which are implemented cannot deliver in a successful manner. One of the major reasons for these unsuccessful strategies may be the incompetence of the human resource management department of the company in terms of identifying the challenges and the problems regarding the process of recruitment and selection. In this way it becomes tremendously significant to understand the key issues and conditions which are affecting the key functions of a particular company. (Hooley, n.d.)

Hence this particular study will be carried out to identify the ways a human resource manager can help the business entity he or she is working in to cope with the challenge in particularly recruitment and selection strategy to be effective. This particular study will base itself only on secondary research which in turn will be based on the existing literatures regarding the Effects of Globalization on human resource management in recruitment and selection and its coping strategy. (Dunning, 1993)

3.2 Research Strategy:

This particular research will be highlighting on the issue of human resource management and the kind of effects globalization has on it and is key functional areas like recruitment and selection. The topic was identified after much detailed study and discussion with the supervisor of this particular dissertation work. Once the topic was defined, the necessary methodology and the resources which are needed for following that methodology were identified. The methodology selected for this dissertation is a secondary analysis. This required a detailed analysis of the existing research works done by previous academicians on this topic. After this an analysis was carried out based on the ideas and frameworks generated through the literature review and a conclusion was drawn upon the study. (Ferner et al, 1998)

3.3 Research Choices

Since this study needed to choose a topic which involves the practises of HR management, several topics could have been chosen. But keeping the ever evolving global business scenario and the need to understand its effect on human resource management and its functional activities like recruitment and selection in mind, this particular topic was chosen.

3.4 Research Outline:

The methodology that will be followed for conducting this particular research will be based on only secondary data. These secondary data are mostly taken from the books, journals, magazines, report published by official agencies and government and other trusted resources and databases. The paper will comprise of a detailed analysis of existing literature on the topic.

As the basic nature of the project is study and analysis, the dissertation will try to identify various issues related to globalization and HR practises and critically review every aspect related to it with the help of various examples and secondary data.

3.5 Research Objective:

The dissertation report will try to assess the process of functional realignment that is needed with respect to one of the basic functions of International Human Resource Management (recruitment, selection and assessment) due to the increasing effects of globalization in this field.

The research questions that the dissertation report will try to address are as follows:

  1. What are the major effects of globalization on HRM?
  2. What are the common approaches HR strategies in adopting to cope with the above challenges?
  3. What ways can HR professionals to help organizations cope with the challenge in particular recruitment and selection strategy to be effective?
  4. Particularly what recruitment and selection strategy and practises tend to be effective?
  5. What might be the new directions and practises which may have in HR?

The other points which will also be discussed within the frameworks of the study are:

  • What are the major effects of globalization on HRM?
  • What are the common approaches HR strategies in adopting to cope with the above challenges?
  • What might be the new directions and practises which may have in HR?

 3.6 Research Approach

The methodology which will be taken help of for this particular research is using secondary data. The secondary data are mostly taken from the manuscripts, academic journals, periodicals, testimonies etc. published by authorized organizations as well as government and other trustworthy sources and records. Since the fundamental approach of this particular study is to understand and investigation, the thesis will attempt to classify a range of issues correlated to common approaches taken by the human resource management strategies in adopting to cope with the globalization challenges and critically review every aspect related to it with the help of various examples and secondary data.

3.7 Purpose of Collecting and Analyzing the Data

The reason why secondary data is collected with the help of diverse literary works for the analysis of common approaches taken by the human resource management strategies in adopting to cope with the globalization challenges is to decide the type of reaction it has got from the previous researchers and academicians. This all will lead to an improved accepting of the usefulness of the common approaches taken by the human resource management strategies in adopting to cope with the globalization challenges. (Kothari, 2008)

3.8 Reliability of data

Data reliability can be defined as the virtue of a set of data which is being used for a particular study if it is sufficiently complete and free from any kind of error. A reliable set of data has to be convincing for the purpose it is serving in the research study and the context in which it being used.

Since the data which is used for this particular study, which has been carried out through a secondary research process, is taken from various other research works, the reliability of them depends heavily on those previous works. But, since works of famous past researchers and analysts who have been acknowledged by several other following researchers have been used in this study, it can be safely assumed that the data set used for this study is reliable. (Gertman, Blackman – 1994)

3.9 Validity of Data

Validity of the data can be defined as the correctness and reasonableness of a set of data. Since the methodology pursued in this study is secondary research it is likely to suffer from the problems of invalid data which has been previously used by several researchers and academicians. But an informed decision has been taken in this study to get rid of this particular problem, through which only famous works of past researchers and academicians have been taken into account. Hence it can be safely concluded that the data set used in this study does not suffer from the invalid set of data. (Ennos – 2007) (Read more about future of ERP Systems Assignment )

3.10 Limitations of the Methodology

It may be very easy to perform a study based on the process of secondary research in comparison to primary research since it is far more easy for a researcher to initiate the process of collecting secondary data, however, it is of high importance that we must take into accounts the inconveniences which are embedded in the process of secondary research by the very design of this kind of study. The data which are collected for this particular type of study also suffer from various problems of authenticity and others. (Kothari, 2008) The set of information which are collected for the analysis for the purpose of a secondary study and consequently the particular methodology for the same study can be highly prone to these problems which can decrease the feasibility of the study exponentially due to wrong set of data.

  • It is very much possible for a set of secondary data to get affected by the inconvenience of being very generalized as well as unclear. This will prove the data set to be not useful and actually harmful for the health of the research since it will not lead the researcher to a well defined conclusion.
  • The set of data those can be found in several books and journals which are generally the sources for vast amount of secondary data, usually have tendency to show the problem of not being accurate. Hence it is imperative that the researcher always checks the source of the data.
  • If the captured information and set of data which represent the secondary data for a particular study are not checked properly it will diminish the reliability factor of the study.
  • The very nature of secondary data and research are such that it fail in helping a future researcher to progress with his research work or devise research question or thinking of different processes which may answer the question with respect to his research.
  • It is highly probable that the data which are furnished in different secondary sources of data, from which the data are collected for a particular secondary research, are old, out of date and hence irrelevant for the study. This will severely harm the purpose and scope of the research work which is being carried out depending on that set of data. This factor may very well act upon on the validity of the research work too.
  • Due to the very nature of secondary data and research, a researcher who is following this particular type of research fails in making well established and minute observations and in the process of making concepts which may prove to be efficient and effective for him or her.

3.11 Chapter Summary

This chapter named as the methodology, deals with the method through which this particular study will be carried forward. Apart from stating the research objectives, research justification etc. along with the purpose of collecting and analyzing the data, it also gives the limitation of the study.

See the Effects of Globalization on HRM Literature review of this dissertation.